For every 100 people put on treatment, 250 are newly infected, according to the United Nations’ AIDS-fighting agency, Unaids.
There is more here and the article is interesting throughout. Victories in the war against AIDS in Africa are being reversed and fairly quickly at that.
A new and more aggressive strain of HIV discovered in West Africa causes significantly faster progression to AIDS, researchers at Sweden's Lund University said Thursday. The new strain of the virus that causes AIDS, called A3/02, is a fusion of the two most common HIV strains in Guinea-Bissau. It has so far only been found in West Africa.
Prevalence of HIV among young people is falling in some of the worst-hit countries around the world amid a change in their sexual behaviour patterns, UNAIDS said Tuesday."For the first time... reductions in HIV prevalence among young people have coincided with a change in sexual behaviour patterns among people," said the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS in a report."A change is happening among young people across the world, especially in parts of sub-Saharan Africa" where about 80 percent of infected youths -- four million -- live," said UNAIDS.
BusinessWeek - The 30-year war on AIDS has produced its share of notable victories. In the U.S., behavioral changes and combination drug therapies brought down the AIDS-related death toll from a peak of nearly 52,000 in 1994 to about 14,600 in 2007, according to the Centers for Disease Control & Prevention. Yet HIV infections are still spreading rapidly in parts of Africa and Asia. And so far, efforts to find a cure or develop a vaccine that would stop HIV in its tracks have failed.
Mobile phones may be a key weapon in the war against HIV and AIDS in Africa, says to the UNAIDS chief.The relatively new technology has a role to play in a continent plagued by inadequate health centres and dilapidated infrastructure, said Michel Sidibe, the executive director of the United Nations AIDS agency."You can talk about different policies, about capacity building, but you can't beat this kind of epidemic with facility-based approach only," he added.
Sub-Saharan Africa, the region worst affected by AIDS, is leading a decline in new HIV infections, UNAIDS said Friday, with new infections in the area declining by over a quarter in the last decade."The data shows that countries with the largest epidemics in Africa -- Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Nigeria, South Africa, Zambia and Zimbabwe -- are leading the drop in new HIV infections," said the Joint UN Programme on HIV/AIDS in a statement.
Desperate heroin users in a few African cities have begun engaging in a practice that is so dangerous it is almost unthinkable: they deliberately inject themselves with another addict’s blood, researchers say, in an effort to share the high or stave off the pangs of withdrawal.
The practice, called flashblood or sometimes flushblood, is not common, but has been reported in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, on the island of Zanzibar and in Mombasa, Kenya.
It puts users at the highest possible risk of contracting AIDS and hepatitis.